Lenten Sermon Series: #solidarity (Narrative)

Sermon series ideas for the upcoming Lenten season continue with a reflection on the Narrative Lectionary’s challenge to our understanding of & willingness to be in solidarity with one another — through life and death, through questions and heartaches. (If you’re a Revised Common Lectionary preacher, check out this sermon series suggestion on the RCL’s Old Testament readings for Lent.)

Sunday, February 18: John 11:1-44

Perhaps we believe that Jesus had a perfectly good reason for not visiting his friend Lazarus while he was sick and dying. Perhaps we have good reasons for not being present in those awful, rending moments after a death has occurred. But when we cannot (or choose not to) show up for one another, we must also bear to face the question, “Why didn’t you come?”

Sunday, February 25: John 13:1-17

In the footwashing, Jesus provides an unnecessary service for his friends. They’re capable of washing their own feet (I’m pretty sure), but Jesus demonstrates his care … and simultaneously turns upside down the social norms of worth and servitude. To stand by one another in solidarity is not only an act of kinship but also an act of humility.

Sunday, March 4: John 18:12-27

One disciple went inside with Jesus to the courtyard of the high priest, because that disciple “was known to the high priest.” Another disciple, Peter, notoriously stayed outside where he refused to be known as one of Jesus’ disciples. Solidarity includes a willingness to be known by the company we keep.

Sunday, March 11: John 18:28-40

As Pilate abdicates his authority for judgment — first to those who bring Jesus to him and then to the crowds — we see the difference between solidarity and crowd-think. Solidarity is a choice of heart & mind & action, while crowd-think (or “following the crowd”) is the abandonment of choice in favor of accepting others’ direction without critique.

Sunday, March 18: John 19:1-16a

As Jesus refuses to persuade Pilate of his innocence (although he’s not really innocent, is he?), I find myself wondering whether it would’ve even made a difference if Jesus responded to Pilate’s questions. The systems of political power were already set against him: one man, one prisoner, one ethnic minority, one soldier, one woman, one loudmouth is always expendable for the normalcy and preservation of the powers that be. Solidarity may strengthen us & keep us company, but it does not save us from the crush of powers.

Sunday, March 25: John 12:12-27 & 19:16b-22

“Unless a grain of wheat falls to the earth and dies, it remains just a single grain; but if it dies, it bears much fruit.” Our lives are not our own — this is foundational to discipleship and to solidarity. We belong to God. We belong to one another. We live our lives for the sake of Another, for the sake of each other. To do otherwise is to choose death.

As with the sermon series idea for the RCL’s Old Testament passages, this sermon series suggestion for the Narrative Lectionary does not specifically include Ash Wednesday (February 14) or Easter Sunday (April 1). The themes for those two holy-days are prescribed and can stand alone … yet are also so basic to Christian faith that they can fit into most any sermon series.

More ideas to come as the week continues!

Advent Candle Liturgies: Narrative

‘Tis the season for prophets. While this feels particularly true on the morning after the U.S. presidential election, in fact the season for prophets has been ongoing and building. We’ve been needing prophets to speak against and to actively counter the global rise of xenophobia. We’ve been hearing (and dominant culture is adept at ignoring) prophetic voices in #BlackLivesMatter, in #WaterIsLife, and in other movements for justice.

My colleague Dwayne Royster observes, “those who would be prophets in this generation [must be] not just those who want to give a word but those that will do a work, put their hands to the plow and not look back.”

The Narrative Lectionary for the upcoming Advent season gives us prophetic voices from the biblical text to bolster our own prophetic commitments for the living of these days. The following candle-lighting liturgies are offered for devotional & liturgical use this Advent; please attribute written/printed credit to this website if you adapt these liturgies for use in your faith community.

Advent 1 (November 27): Daniel 6:6-27

ONE: The first Advent candle.
ALL: We light a light against power that craves power.
ONE: We light a light to proclaim the goodness and dominion of God.
ALL: We light a light against our own vain egos and deep fears.
ONE: We light a light for the promise of deliverance.
ALL: The first Advent candle.
ONE: Take courage.

Advent 2 (December 4): Joel 2:12-13 & 28-29

ONE: The second Advent candle.
ALL: We light a light to await God’s coming.
ONE: We light a light with longing for God to set the world trembling.
ALL: We light a light to hold out hope for God’s mercy.
ONE: We light a light for the promise of new dreams and visions by God’s spirit.
ALL: The second Advent candle.
ONE: Prepare your hearts.

Advent 3 (December 11): Isaiah 61:1-11

ONE: The third Advent candle.
ALL: We light a light to proclaim the year of the LORD’s favor.
ONE: We light a light to dedicate our work in support of our words.
ALL: We light a light not just to proclaim but to comfort, not only to preach but to provide, not only to bless but to release.
ONE: We light a light to share the labor and the fellowship.
ALL: The third Advent candle.
ONE: Go where you are sent.

Advent 4 (December 18): Luke 1:26-45

ONE: The fourth Advent candle.
ALL: We light a light as we greet one another in God’s name. 
ONE: We light a light so we can recognize and welcome God’s messengers.
ALL: We light a light and we marvel to imagine God’s possibilities.
ONE: We light a light to say “yes” to God’s outrageous call.
ALL: The fourth Advent candle.
ONE: Do not be afraid.

Christmas Eve (December 24): Luke 2:1-14

ONE: At last, the Christ candle.
ALL: We light a light and sing “Glory to God in the highest heaven and peace on earth.”
ONE: We light a light and retell the good news of great joy.
ALL: We light a light and we tremble in awe that God has come.
ONE: We light a light and cast out all fear.
ALL: The Christ candle!
ONE: Rejoice!


If you’re using the Revised Common Lectionary for this Advent season, find Advent candle liturgies on the Isaiah texts here.

Monday Muse: Lenten Preaching Beyond Doom-and-Gloom

Still wondering what you’ll preach when Lent begins next week?

039Here are eight sermon series ideas for your inspiration and use, all of which aim to shed the traditionally dreary sackcloth of Lent in order to don a vibrant — and occasionally exuberant — spirit of discipleship. Many of these preaching suggestions reflect my personal & professional perspective that Christianity isn’t too serious for playfulness, that God isn’t too perfect for hard questions, and that our faith journeys are never too complete for reexamination.

While you’re browsing for Lenten resources, check out my Good Friday dramatic reading for two voices (Mary the sister of Martha & Lazarus and Judas the disciple & betrayer of Jesus), and an Ash Wednesday original liturgy.


Revised Common Lectionary Psalms

To get your feet wet with a sermon series idea that is waaaayy outside of the traditional doom-and-gloom Lenten theme, consider the possibility of this intergenerational sermon series that helps the young and the old alike (re)imagine faith through the lens of common childhood games:

Lent 1, Psalm 25. Hopscotch (25:7 “Skip my sins” and 25:4 “Teach me Your paths”)
Lent 2, Psalm 22. Hide-and-Seek (22:24b “God doesn’t hide from our grossness”)
Lent 3, Psalm 19. Telephone (19:1-4 “The heavens whisper to creation, which whispers to us”)
Lent 4, Psalm 107. Blob Tag (107:3 “God runs around gathering people”)
Lent 5, Psalm 51. Follow the Leader (51:10 “We focus on imitating You”)
Lent 6, Psalm 118. Red Rover (118:19 “Can God get through?”)
Easter, Psalm 118. Keep Away (118:18 “God doesn’t let Death grab us”)


Narrative Lectionary

The parables of the Narrative Lectionary are full of religious clichés: familiar if overused adages that we use as palatable soundbites of faith. I lump clichés like these in the same category as horrible phrases like “God needed another angel,” because — scriptural or not — the phrases frequently substitute for theology and thoughtfulness. For Lent this year, consider unpacking and reexamining these clichés, for example: Do we use “many are called but few are chosen” to justify exclusion? Do we use the phrase “the least of these” without questioning the appropriateness of identifying others as “less than”? Do we experience “the last shall be first”  in actual life, and do we really want to experience it in faith? Give permission for folks to revalue these clichés in fresh ways…or perhaps even to discard them.

Lent 1. Forgive Us Our Debts (Matthew 18:15-35)
Lent 2. The Last Shall Be First (Matthew 20:1-16)
Lent 3. Many Are Called, Few Are Chosen (Matthew 22:1-14)
Lent 4. Keep Awake (Matthew 25:1-13)
Lent 5. The Least of These (Matthew 25:1-46)
Lent 6/Passion. Turn the Tables (Matthew 21:1-13)
Easter. Do Not Be Afraid (Matthew 28:1-10)


Revised Common Lectionary, Gospels

054Sure, Lent is all about Jesus going to the cross and how we’re supposed to follow Jesus … but let’s be honest: we’re not Jesus, and we usually stop short of going all the way to the cross. Besides Jesus, who else in these Gospel readings can we look to for discipleship lessons during Lent — folks we should imitate, folks we should try not to imitate? Who are the characters beside Jesus in these Gospels stories?

Lent 1. John the Baptist (Mark 1:9-15)
Lent 2. Peter (Mark 8:31-38)
Lent 3. Temple Vendors (John 2:13-22)
Lent 4. Nicodemus (John 3:14-21)
Lent 5. Andrew and Philip (John 12:20-33)
Lent 6/Palms. The Crowds (Mark 11:1-11)
Easter. Mary, Mary and Salome (Mark 16:1-8)


Revised Common Lectionary, Old Testament

What does it look like to be in covenant with God? What does it feel like, what does it taste like, what does it sound like? To longtime Christians, these Old Testament stories may be familiar … but to all of us, the stories and the idea of covenant may linger with us beyond Sunday morning if we have something to hold onto, something to see, something to hear and even taste. Don’t just talk about God’s covenant this Lent; give your congregants physical objects to hold onto that covenant.

Lent 1. Hair Bows for rainbows (Genesis 9:8-17) – that’s right, you know you want to see the pews full of folks in colorful hair bows
Lent 2. Dirt for land promised to Abraham (Genesis 17:1-7, 15-16) – and be prepared to help with the vacuuming after worship
Lent 3. Stones for the tablets (Exodus 20:1-12) – smooth stones from the craft store or loose gravel from a nearby stream
Lent 4. Rubber Snakes for vipers (Numbers 21:4-9) – perhaps forewarn people so that your sermon isn’t punctuated by screaming
Lent 5. Stress Balls for our hearts (Jeremiah 31:31-34) – take extras to church committee meetings, ha!
Lent 6/Passion: Earplugs for hearing God (Isaiah 50:4-9a) – go ahead, give folks permission to wear the earplugs while you preach
Easter: Snacks for the mountain feast (Isaiah 25:6-9) – bring candy from the Easter egg hunt into worship


Revised Common Lectionary, Gospels

Does Lent have to be so deadly serious? 🙂 Does Christian discipleship have to look like sackcloth and ashes and spiritual shame? What if Lent could be a season for very deep joy — because what’s better than following Christ! Imagine if we heard wildly good news throughout Lent:

Lent 1, Mark 1:9-15. Repent! Turn around because there are new paths, hooray!
Lent 2, Mark 8:31-38. Follow! Following Jesus means you don’t have to follow the rat race, sweet!
Lent 3, John 2:13-22. Reconstruct! God’s systems will not look like the world’s systems, whoot!
Lent 4, John 3:14-21. Love! You can never wander beyond or be lost from God’s love, yay!
Lent 5, John 12:20-33. Glorify! Our worth is found in God, amazing!
Lent 6/Palms, Mark 11:1-11. Shout! Join the parade without hesitation, hallelujah!
Easter, Mark 16:1-8. Run! Be overcome and energized by new life, astonishing!


Isaiah 58:1-12, from Ash Wednesday texts

Lent, beautiful and important as it is, can lend itself to spiritual navel-gazing at the expense of beyond-church-walls faith-living. The Old Testament reading for Ash Wednesday (on the Revised Common Lectionary) calls for a change of heart and a change of life — not just another round of liturgical rituals. Follow Isaiah 58:1-12 for your sermon series, but don’t just preach: get your congregation into action. Write advocacy letters. Join local community efforts. Raise awareness of local organizations and leaders. Hold weekly drives. Give congregants a weekly assignment for activism on Isaiah 58’s themes:

Lent 1. Loose injustice.
Lent 2. Untie and break yokes.
Lent 3. Free the oppressed and imprisoned.
Lent 4. Share bread.
Lent 5. House the homeless.
Lent 6. Clothe the naked.
Easter. Reconcile your families.


Narrative Lectionary

Let’s take another look at those parables scheduled for the Narrative Lectionary during Lent. Sure, they’re full of lovely religious clichés, but do you notice how not lovely the parables themselves are? Those easy adages come to us in the context of some complicated stories. What if you named the problems in the parables each Sunday for your sermon series? What if you identified the systemic concerns in the readings … and in our world? What if your sermons also observed how each of us personally might examine our participation and complicity in those systems? Perhaps Lent can call us to some behaving!

Lent 1. Slavery and Indebtedness / Consequential Forgiveness (Matthew 18:15-35) – Systemic: Ever notice that Jesus doesn’t question the existence or ethics of slavery? What are the modern conditions that perpetuate slavery and servitude, e.g. modern debtors prison? Personal: Notice that forgiving and being forgiven in the parable require action, not just sentiment.

Lent 2. Fair Wages and Immigration / Unsettling Forgiveness (Matthew 20:1-16)Systemic: What are ways in which immigrants are treated as an “issue” rather than as “people” by our media outlets, our political systems, and ourselves? Personal: When and why do we feel threatened by “fairness” that gives others access to privileges we take for granted, e.g. why is gay marriage perceived as a threat to straight marriage, or why is the protest of police violence against Black and brown persons perceived to be a threat to white folks? Are we willing to be unsettled in order to make room for all people in God’s grace?

Lent 3. Imperialism / Uncentering Humility (Matthew 22:1-14)Systemic: Quite like empires, the king in the parable sees himself as the center of the world, beyond fault and able to control the lives and schedules of everyone within his realm. He is apparently willing to sacrifice his slaves for the sake of his message, is easily angered that people won’t drop everything to appease his need for wedding guests, and is unrestrained in forcing his subjects into obedience. Personal: What if we were to live as though we are not at the center of the world … perhaps even not at the center of God’s world? 

Lent 4. Sexism and Shaming / Neighbor Accountability (Matthew 25:1-13)Systemic: It’s not hard to find examples of sexism in our modern world, but pay close attention these days to the frequency of shaming, especially when someone says “I don’t have enough” or “I’ve been injured.” Too often that person is assumed to be at fault for their own lack or for the injury; the five bridesmaids whose lanterns burn out, for example, are blamed for not having enough … why aren’t the five bridesmaids with more than enough scolded for not sharing? Personal: Do we take responsibility to care for our neighbors who don’t have enough or have been injured, or do we say “We’re prepared — why weren’t you?” What if, when able, we always came prepared to share?

Lent 5. Poverty and Homelessness / Active Hospitality (Matthew 25:1-46)Systemic: Before we get too excited about being sheep, can we ask honestly and compassionately who has been cast out and why? Who has been cast out from homes, who has been kept out from wealth or even a living wage? The sheep and the goats are not just a matter for spiritual metaphors; the experience of hell is a very real and daily experience for many who are dislocated and dismissed. Personal: You know how the sheep say, “What??? We took care of Jesus without knowing it?? No way!” Let’s debunk that myth: these days, we rarely if ever care for others “accidentally.” Perhaps it’s time to stop accidentally caring and clothing and visiting, and instead practice hospitality intentionally.

Lent 6/Passion. Financial Injustice / Socially Conscious Spending (Matthew 21:1-13) Systemic: What are the modern systems that financially squeeze those who are already struggling? Personal: Perhaps the harder question: how and where are we participating in those systems? Are we like the folks in Jesus’ day who came to the temple and bought sacrificial doves without realizing that it was problematic?

Easter. Mass Incarceration / Urgent Advocacy (Matthew 28:1-10) Systemic: Your parishioners may not come to church on Easter Sunday expecting to hear about mass incarceration, but perhaps no other system is so physically contrary to Easter: these institutions that enclose, cut down and cut off people’s lives! Personal: It’s time for us to catch an urgency in our advocacy like the women running from Jesus’ tomb!



Finally, two simple ideas for sermon series that step outside of the Revised Common and Narrative Lectionaries:

Hymns: Choose one or two favorite hymns of the congregation, and preach Sunday by Sunday on the stanzas & refrain or on the prominent images of those hymns. Bonus: the congregation gets to sing its favoritest hymns every Sunday!
Prayer: Preaching on prayer is a great approach to a Lenten sermon series. You can preach on the Lord’s Prayer line by line, or you can preach/teach on a different type of prayer each Sunday (lectio divina, silence, etc.). I drafted two sermon series ideas on prayer for Lent last year that you can check out.

I hope you’ll drop me a note and let me know how these sermon ideas work for you! Blessings as you prep for the Lenten season. If you’d like to receive a daily prayer “nudge” via email through Lent, as a way of keeping yourself grounded through the busy holy season, send me a message to sign up.